Dr. William Oxenham (Bill)

Abel C. Lineberger Professor

Email : william_oxenham@ncsu.edu
Phone : 919-515-6573
Address : College of Textiles - Room 3309

Dr. William Oxenham (Bill) post image


Dr. Oxenham, who is regarded as an international expert in the area of yarn manufacture, has been a member of the faculty of the Department of Textile and Apparel Technology and Management at North Carolina State University since 1992. This appointment followed 18 years of experience in university education in the U.K.

Dr. Oxenham became a lecturer in The Department of Textile Industries, The University of Leeds, in November 1974, having been employed for the previous two years as a research engineer, working on a project concerned with electrostatic spinning. In the same year he was awarded a Doctorate for research carried out into “The Thickness and Compression of Worsted Yarns.”

While at Leeds he lectured on Raw Materials and Yarn Manufacture at undergraduate and graduate levels. He was additionally instrumental in reorganizing the existing courses and instituted several new courses including the introduction of “Yarn Design” as an academic discipline during this time he supervised many research projects and was successful in obtaining significant research funding from government, industry, and research organizations.

Between 1981 and 1986 Dr. Oxenham was a visiting lecturer to the Fibre and Textile Research Unit, University of Strathclyde. He has examined at all levels, including appointments as external examiner for M.Sc. and Ph.D. at U.K. and “overseas” Universities and was for several years an examiner for the Associate of the Textile Institute professional qualification and an assessor of F.T.I. candidates.

Dr. Oxenham is currently the Abel C. Lineberger Professor.  He presently teaches two undergraduate and two graduate courses in the production, properties, and processing of yarns.


In order to improve process and product quality in yarn manufacture it is necessary to have a thorough understanding of the following:

  • Fiber/process interactions and in particular the damage suffered by fibers as they pass through various processing stages.
  • The yarn formation process and how this influences yarn structure and properties.
  • The translation of fiber parameters into yarn properties and how these are in turn carried forward into fabric quality.
  • Techniques for assessing quality.

The current research addresses some of these issues and in particular the role of fiber quality, and how measured values of fiber parameters, change with processing . This includes aspects such as strength and friction and how instrumental values can be influenced by sample preparation. The research is also concerned with the problem that while a lot of the newer testing and monitoring equipment generates vast amounts of data, it is often difficult to discern useful information. Possible solutions to this are being sought and in particular simpler approaches to data analysis and representation are being investigated.

Specific areas of research which are currently being pursued are:

Data reduction: – analyzing the information needs of various levels of personnel within a spinning mill and determining the optimum way of manipulating the raw data to suit these needs.
Fiber damage during processing:– determining the changes in properties brought about by processes such as those involved in spinning (and nonwoven production), and investigating approaches to minimize these effects.
Fiber friction: – investigating a novel approach for rapidly assessing the frictional characteristics of fibers.
Tensile testing of yarns: – examining the role-played by testing speed and how its magnitude may be influenced by fiber type.
Variability in carding: – investigating the source of cross card variation and possible approaches to minimizing this defect.
Static generation and dissipation: – developing a fundamental understanding of the mechanism of static generation on yarns and “fabrics” and the role of surface chemistry.

Academic Degrees

Ph.D., Textiles, 1974
University of Leeds

B.Sc., Textile Physics, 1969
University of Leeds


TT 425/TT 521 Filament Yarn Production, Processing and Properties

TT 520  Yarn Processing Dynamics

TAM/TT 499 Senior Project

TT 321 Yarn Production and Properties II

Recent Publications

  1. Oxenham W. (2015). Trends in Staple Yarn Manufacture. Textile World , 28-32.
  2. Hegarty-Craver M., Kwon C., Oxenham W., Grant E., Reid L. (2015). Towards characterizing the pressure profiles of medical compression hosiery: an investigation of current measurement devices and techniques. Journal of The Textile Institute , 106 (7) , 757-767.
  3. Allen, R., Parrish, E., Oxenham, W., Hodge, G. (2014). How Can We Do Better? Improving Performance in Global Textile and Apparel Supply Chains.. Proceedings of International Textile and Apparel Association conference . Publisher: New Orleans, Louisiana.
  4. Suh M., Carroll K.E., Grant E., Oxenham W. (2014). Investigation into the feasibility of inductively coupled antenna for use in smart clothing. International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology , 26 (1) , 25-37.
  5. Suh M., Carroll K.E., Grant E., Oxenham W (2014). Investigation into the feasibility of inductively coupled antenna for use in smart clothing. International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology , 26 (1) , 25-37.

NC State Library Scholarly Publications List


Member of:
The Textile Institute
The Fiber Society
Phi Psi Textile Fraternity
Sigma Iota Rho
American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists

Editorial Boards of:  
Textile Progress,
Journal of Textile & Apparel,  Technology & Management
Journal of the Textile Institute

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